As noted in the 2013 OECD/ITC/BMZ report, Tax and Development Aid Modalities for Strengthening Tax Systems, "Some superficially attractive indicators can be double-edged swords. The tax ratio [tax revenue to GDP] is a prominent case in point in that over-ambitious targets can lead to abusive collection practices at the expense of tax legitimacy."
The Host Administration will lead the process of establishing objectives for the TIWB Programme and selecting indicators to measure impact. This objective-setting process, including indicator selection, should be finalised in consultation with the Expert, as well as any Donor Partner or Partner Administration. The TIWB Secretariat can provide examples of programme indicators and assist the Host Administration in the objective-setting. All of the parties to a TIWB Programme should have a clear understanding of the objectives and how they will be measured in advance of the Programme. At the end of the TIWB Programme cycle, both the TIWB Expert and the Host Administration are required to submit a Final Programme Report to the TIWB Secretariat.
Recognition that the outcome and success of a TIWB programme is influenced by elements and factors which are both within and sometimes outside the control of the Expert must be considered. Ensuring an appropriate level of support for the TIWB Programme within the Host Administration – in respect to resources, personnel and support for any required changes – is crucial to success. Like the selection of objectives and impact indicators, measuring impact is the responsibility of the Host Administration, but will necessarily involve the Experts themselves.
The following are a selection of potential impact indicators that can be used or adapted to each TIWB Programme to assist in the formulation of indicators by the Host Administration. Furthermore, since impact should be assessed progressively, indicators should be tailored to consider short-, medium- and long-term objectives. It may also be appropriate to establish post-Programme objectives to ensure that measures implemented during the Programme are continued beyond the duration of the TIWB Programme. Clearly, indicators need to be adapted to take into account the scope of the particular TIWB Programme and the context of the Host Administration.